Personal Genomics 101

  • Genomics-
  •  A discipline in genetics concerned with the study of the genomes of organisms.
  • Genome- 
  •  The entirety of an organism's heredity information.
  • Restriction Enzyme-
  •  An enzyme that cuts DNA at specific recognition nucleotide sequences (with Type II restriction enzymes cutting double-stranded DNA) known as restriction sites.
  • Genotyping-
  •  The process of determining differences in the genetic make-up (genotype) of an individual by examining the individual's DNA sequence using biological assays and comparing it to another individual's sequence or a reference sequence.
  • Predictive Medicine-
  • Using information that is pulled from personal genomics testing when choosing what types of medical treatments would be useful for a particular individual.
  • Genetic Discrimination-
  • Discriminating on the information that is taken from an individual's genome.
  • SNP-
  • Single nucleotide polymorphisms.
  • Probes-
  • Bits of DNA complementary to sites in your genome where SNPs of interest are located.

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